A recent news story in the Irish media got me thinking about this topic. An Irish teenager whose family emigrated to Australia in 2008, during that awful recession, was pretty bummed out to recently discover that she does not qualify for *free college in Ireland (I'll explain the asterisk in a minute).
The girl's family left Ireland when she was 8, and now that she is ready to start her third level education, was hoping she could do so in Ireland. As she would be considered a non-resident for the purposes of education, her fees would be far more than those of residents.

*** Related overseas scholarship info here ***

As an Irish passport holder, the young lady in question believes she should be entitled to study in Ireland like any other Irish person. If that were the case, then it may be to my own benefit one day, when my kids are grown, however I can't say that I agree with her. My kids will possibly live in the US then, and a free ride off the Irish tax-payer would save me tens upon tens of thousands in US college fees. That'd be nice, but could I really expect it? Nope!

The education system of any country that has significant emigration, would be completely over-burdened, if a large portion of those emigrants sent their kids back to study. This would be especially true in a country like Ireland where the education system is tax funded. If you're not paying in, how can you expect to take out?
And what about all those recent UK/GB applicants who are scrambling for Irish passports in the wake of the Brexit decision. A 40% increase in GB applicants was seen in 2016! Would they all qualify too? It just wouldn't work!

free college in ireland, GB Applications for Irish passport
GB Applications, source DFA.ie

I feel for the young lady though. If college is out of reach financially in your country of residence, it really is a tough position to be in. And I know there are scholarships and/or loans, but they can either be difficult to get, or put you in many years of debt. Who wants that!

Free Fees

So now that I've said my piece, what are the facts? Who is entitled to *free college. I put that asterisk there, because it's not entirely free. As of 2017, and for quite some time now, there has been a requirement by most colleges that students pay a contribution towards their education. This contribution goes towards various student services, and the costs associated with examinations, etc. It's not a lot though. I remember back when I was in college in the early 2000's, I was paying around 500-700 Euro per year. The current maximum amount for 2016/17 is 3,000 Euro, and there are cases where students can be exempt from this fee. For info on that, visit this Citizens Information page.

Excluding those student contribution fees mentioned above, the following is a description of eligibility criteria for free college in Ireland. There are 3 categories of criteria: residence, nationality and immigration status, and course requirements.

From here: source: Citizens Information, March 2017

You must have been living in an EEA member state or Switzerland for at least 3 of the 5 years before starting your course. The members of the EEA (the European Economic Area) are the member states of the EU, along with Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.

Nationality and immigration

You must also fulfill one of the following 6 criteria as regards nationality and immigration status in Ireland:

You must:

  1. Be a citizen of an EEA member state (see above) or Switzerland or
  2. Have official refugee status or
  3. Be a family member of a refugee and have been granted permission to live in the State or
  4. Be a family member of an EU national and have permission to live in the State, with a stamp “4EUFAM” on your residence card or
  5. Have been granted humanitarian leave to remain in the State or
  6. Have been granted permission to remain in the State by the Minister for Justice and Equality, following a determination by the Minister not to make a deportation order under Section 3 of the Immigration Act 1999.

Course requirements

Trinity College Dublin
Trinity College Dublin
You must also fulfil all of the following 3 course requirements:

  1. You must be undertaking a full-time undergraduate course of at least 2 years' duration (or certain shorter courses in institutes of technology).
  2. You must be a first-time full-time undergraduate. However, students who already hold a Level 6 or a Level 7 qualification and are progressing to a Level 8 qualification on the National Framework of Qualifications without having received an exemption from the normal duration of the course may be deemed eligible for free fees. Also, you may be eligible for Free Fees, if you attend a course but did not complete it and are returning following a break of at least five years to pursue an approved course at the same level.
  3. In general, you must not be repeating the year because of failing your exams or changing course. This requirement may be waived if you repeat a year due to certified serious illness.

The undergraduate courses for which the free fees arrangements apply are courses in:

  • Universities
  • Institutes of technology
  • Publicly funded colleges of education
  • National College of Ireland
  • A number of religious education institutions

Free fees do not apply to courses in private colleges, whether they have Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI) approval or not. The fact that a course is listed by the Central Applications Office (CAO) is not, in itself, enough to make it a free fees course.

Detailed information about assistance with tuition fees is available on studentfinance.ie.

EU fees

If you do not qualify for free fees you may still be eligible for EU fee rates. EU fee rates are set by each individual third-level educational institution. You should contact the one you are interested in to find out about the EU fee rate and whether you qualify.

Some examples of when people might qualify for an EU fee rate are as follows:

  • You originally qualified for free fees and are now repeating a year that you failed.
  • You do not fulfil any of the 6 nationality and immigration status criteria listed above but have been tax resident for a number of years in an EEA member state or Switzerland. (However, as the third-level institutions are autonomous bodies, this is at the discretion of the institution concerned.)

From September 2014, an Irish, EU, EEA or Swiss student who has spent at least five years in primary school or second level school in Ireland can avail of EU fee rates.

If you do not qualify for EU fees you can be charged non-EU fees. Each third-level educational institution sets its own fee rates. You should contact the ones you are interested in to find out more about their fees - see 'Where to apply' below.

Postgraduate fees

In general, you will have to pay fees for a postgraduate course. However, you may get financial assistance under the Student Grant Scheme.

Postgraduates under the Graduate Skills Conversion Programme, courses are free, full-time and intensive.

To here: source: Citizens Information, March 2017